We would never recommend that a homeowner attempt do-it-yourself measures when it comes to a stinging insect. Some are capable of stinging a person multiple times! Even for a pest professional, proper identification is key before any treatment options are considered. Here is a look at some common bees and wasps found in New Jersey.
Honey bees are protected in the state of New Jersey and it is illegal to kill them. This is another reason that do-it-yourself methods are not recommended. Proper identification is crucial before proceeding with any control measures. If you believe that a honey bee nest may be present in your home visit the New Jersey Beekeepers Association website for tips on proper identification and to locate a local beekeeper to come out and remove the nest.
Mud daubers are usually black in color and are ½ to an inch in length. They were given their name because they build their nests of mud. These wasps build mud tubes a few inches long on the siding of your home. The female places a paralyzed spider inside upon which she lays an egg. The egg hatches, the young feeds on the spider and the cycle goes on.
Controlling Mud Daubers in New Jersey
We recommend a pest professional if you suspect you have a mud daubers nest because although they are not dangerous it is possible that they have moved out and their nests may have been adopted by another more dangerous wasp species.
These three stinging insects are all similar, they prefer sandy soil where they dig holes, sometimes lots and lots of holes. They also place a paralyzed insect (grub, cicada, etc.) in the burrow, lay an egg which upon hatching feeds on the food supply at hand.
Controlling Stinging Insects in New Jersey
These are relatively large species, and appear quite aggressive but need to be strongly provoked before stinging. Nevertheless, having nests of stinging insects in your lawn is a danger and a person in barefeet or sandals can easily be bitten by them making control by a pest professional a good idea.
Paper wasps are usually brown in color with yellow stripes. They typically live in small colonies and appear under eaves, porches, decks, behind shutters, inside light fixtures, barbeque grills, play sets and even in plants. The nest is made from a paper like material and is quite fragile.
Controlling Paper Wasps in New Jersey
Paper wasps are not aggressive but will sting if their nest is disturbed. Their stings can be quite painful and can be life threatening if you are allergic. We recommend you contact a pest professional if you have concerns about paper wasps on your property.
These bees are quite large and will aggressively dart at people, however, they do not typically sting.
Controlling Carpenter Bees in New Jersey
Carpenter bees prefer untreated wood so keeping wood painted or stained will deter them. Once an infestation has set in you will likely need the help of a pest professional to treat them, fill the holes and deter them from returning the following year.
The tell-tale sign of a colony is that rather large, grey paper-like nest attached to your house or building or hanging from a tree. A secondary indication is a stream of bees flying in and out of a small hole just about anywhere. It is also common to disrupt a nest while mowing the lawn.
Controlling Hornets and Yellow Jackets
If a nest on your property fits this description or you suspect a hornet or yellow jacket infestation be cautious! Whether these are yellow jackets, European hornets, or bald faced hornets, they get disturbed easily and because of their number, you risk getting stung repeatedly. They can be extremely dangerous and should most definitely be handled by a professional.